Understanding Cystoscopy: What to Expect During the Procedure

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Cystoscopy is a common medical procedure that allows doctors to examine the inside of the bladder and urethra using a thin, flexible tube called a cystoscope. This procedure is often used to diagnose and treat a variety of urinary tract issues, including urinary tract infections, bladder stones, and bladder cancer. Understanding what to expect during a cystoscopy can help alleviate any anxiety or fear you may have about the procedure.

Before the Procedure

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Before undergoing a cystoscopy, your doctor will provide you with specific instructions on how to prepare for the procedure. This may include fasting for a certain period of time before the procedure, as well as taking any prescribed medication to help relax or numb the area. It is important to follow these instructions carefully to ensure the success of the procedure.

During the Procedure

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On the day of the procedure, you will be asked to change into a hospital gown and lie down on an examination table. Your doctor will then insert a lubricated cystoscope into your urethra and slowly guide it into your bladder. This may cause some discomfort or a sensation of pressure, but it should not be painful.

As the cystoscope is inserted, your doctor will use a camera attached to the end of the scope to examine the inside of your bladder and urethra. You may be asked to move into different positions to allow for a more thorough examination. Your doctor may also inject a sterile saline solution into your bladder to help expand the bladder wall and improve visibility.

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If any abnormalities are found during the examination, your doctor may take tissue samples, known as biopsies, for further testing. This is a common practice during cystoscopy and is typically done without causing any additional pain or discomfort.

After the Procedure

Once the examination is complete, the cystoscope will be carefully removed, and you will be allowed to rest for a short period of time. You may experience some mild discomfort or a burning sensation when urinating for a short time after the procedure, but this should resolve on its own within a day or two.

It is normal to see some blood in your urine after a cystoscopy, but if you experience severe pain, fever, or persistent bleeding, you should contact your doctor immediately. In most cases, these symptoms are temporary and will improve with time.

In conclusion, understanding what to expect during a cystoscopy can help alleviate any anxiety or fear you may have about the procedure. By following your doctor’s instructions and being prepared for the examination, you can ensure a successful and effective evaluation of your urinary tract. If you have any concerns or questions about cystoscopy, be sure to discuss them with your healthcare provider before the procedure.
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