Parkinson’s Disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement, muscle control and balance. It is caused by a loss of dopamine producing neurons in the brain.
The main risk factor for developing Parkinson’s Disease is age, with those over 60 being more likely to develop the disease. Other risk factors include a family history of the disease, environmental toxins and head injuries.
The exact cause of Parkinson’s Disease is unknown, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
The most common symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease include tremor, stiffness and slowness of movement. Other symptoms may include depression, memory problems, difficulty speaking, fatigue and impaired balance.Diagnosis: Parkinson’s Disease is usually diagnosed based on a medical history, physical examination and neurological tests.
Treatment for Parkinson’s Disease typically focuses on controlling symptoms and improving quality of life. Treatment options include medications, physical therapy, speech therapy and occupational therapy.
Nurses play an important role in managing Parkinson’s Disease. They help educate patients and families about the disease and its treatment, provide emotional support and help with activities of daily living. They also monitor for side effects of medications and help with symptom management.