Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that involves recurrent seizures due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
There are several different types of epilepsy, including focal seizures, generalized seizures, and status epilepticus.
Epilepsy risk factors include head trauma, stroke, brain tumors, infections, genetic abnormalities, drug or alcohol abuse, and certain metabolic disturbances. Causes: Common causes of epilepsy include head trauma, stroke, brain tumors, infections, genetic abnormalities, drug or alcohol abuse, and certain metabolic disturbances.
Symptoms of epilepsy may include convulsions, loss of consciousness, muscle spasms, confusion, and a feeling of drowsy.
Diagnosis of epilepsy is based on a physical and neurological examination, an electroencephalogram (EEG) test, and an imaging study such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Treatment for epilepsy may include lifestyle changes, medications, surgery, and complementary therapies.
Nursing management of epilepsy includes assessing for seizure triggers, educating the patient and family about seizure safety, monitoring for side effects of medications, and providing emotional support and education.