The respiratory system provides the body with oxygen, removes carbon dioxide, and helps to regulate the body’s pH balance. It is made up of the nose, throat, trachea, bronchi, and lungs. Medical-surgical nurses are responsible for managing the health and well-being of patients with respiratory system disorders.
Respiratory system disorders can have serious implications for the health of an individual. Medical and surgical nurses play a critical role in the care of patients with respiratory system ailments, from prevention and diagnosis to monitoring and treatment. It is essential for these nurses to understand the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system, as well as the clinical manifestations, pathophysiology and treatment of common respiratory disorders.